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THE DRAMA OF CONSCIENCE A Three-Dimensional Analysis On Calvin‘s Responsibility For Servetus Affair

Ricky F. Njoto

Abstract: The Servetus affair which happened in 1553 remains the biggest drop of black ink on John Calvin‘s white record as a reformer. This essay evaluates the degree to which Calvin can be considered as responsible in the affair from three different perspectives: (1) his ecclesiastical responsibilities as a church leader and a reformer, (2) his political responsibilities as the leader of the Genevan church, main player in the Consistory, and a responsible civilian in the sixteenth century Europe, and (3) his moral responsibilities. In the end, this essay will conclude that Calvin is responsible only because he played a role in every dimension stated above. However, there are other circumstances,
individuals, and groups that need to be taken in to account as well.
This means that Calvin cannot be held entirely responsible.

Keywords: Calvin, Servetus, Reformation, History, Sixteenth Century

DRAMA HATI NURANI: Analisis Tiga Dimensi mengenai Tanggung Jawab Calvin atas Kasus Servetus


Abstrak: Kasus Servetus yang terjadi di tahun 1553 masih merupakan titik hitam di atas lembar putih kehidupan John Calvin sebagai seorang bapa reformasi. Esai ini mengevaluasi
seberapa jauh Calvin dapat dianggap bertanggung jawab atas kejadian tersebut melalui tiga perspektif:

(1) tanggung jawab
beliau sebagai seorang pemimpin gereja dan bapa reformasi,

(2) tanggung jawab beliau sebagai pemimpin gereja di Geneva, pemain utama di Consistory, dan sebagai warga sipil di Eropa, dan

(3) tanggung jawab beliau secara moral.

Pada akhirnya, esai/jurnal ini akan menyimpulkan bahwa Calvin hanya dapat dikatakan bertanggung jawab karena beliau memiliki peran di setiap dimensi di atas. Namun, terdapat beberapa keadaan, individu, dan kelompok yang juga harus diperhitungkan sehingga Calvin tidak
dapat disalahkan secara total.

Kata Kunci: Calvin, Servetus, Reformasi, Sejarah, Abad Enam Belas

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